The province of Quebec receives as many as about 50,0001 immigrants on yearly basis. With a declining birth rate and booming economy, that figure has a tendency to increase to keep up with the fast-paced economic growth. Immigrants’ applications are reviewed by the Quebec Immigration Program (QIP). QIP is an umbrella term for:
- The Quebec Skilled Worker program (QSWP)
- The Quebec Experience Class program (QECP)
- The Quebec Business Program (QBP)
QSWP is a program for skilled workers who want to immigrate to Quebec. Candidates do not need a job offer and do not necessarily require proficiency in the French language.
QECP (Programme de l’expérience québécoise – PEQ) is a program for candidates with previous experience within Quebec. To be eligible, a candidate must be an international student or a temporary foreign worker in the province. Like QSW, a job offer is not needed but candidates must at least be fluent in the French language.
QBP is divided into three programs:
- The Quebec Investor Program
- The Quebec Entrepreneur Program
- The Quebec Self-Employed Worker Program
This program is aimed at self-employed individuals, entrepreneurs and investors who wish to establish a business or make a significant financial investment in the province.
Candidates are usually categorized into the following groups:
- Permanent workers
- Temporary workers
- Foreign students
- Family reunification
- Humanitarian immigration (refugees and individuals seeking asylum).
If a prospective candidate has met all the requirements for any of the Quebec Immigration programs, they can then apply for the immigration process. The application process consists of two stages:
- First, an application is filled and submitted through the online portal Mon projet Québec for a certificate of selection (Certificat de sélection du Québec). The certificate shows that the province has accepted the applicant as an immigrant. Through this platform, applicants can track their applications, make payments and receive information when necessary. This step is handled by the Ministry of Immigration Diversity and Inclusion.
- After the CSQ has been issued, candidates can then proceed to apply for a Canadian permanent residence visa.
Applicants are expected to undergo a medical exam and get police certificates to help the Canadian government to analyze the health and criminal status of prospective citizens.
As of October 24th, 2017, the age of dependents was increased from under 19 to under 22 age and individuals with a temporary residence permit can also apply for permanent residency. To qualify for a CSQ, an applicant is evaluated based on a scale of factors. Eligibility is achieved when a candidate gets at least 50 points (59 points for couples) out of 116 points. These factors include:
- Area of Training
- Validated Employment Offer
- Work Experience
- Language Proficiency
- Connection (family) in Quebec
- Accompanying dependent children
- Financial Self-Sufficiency
Processing fees for an application vary depending on the applicant. For example, applicants with spouses and/or dependent children will incur additional charges in the process. For foreign students who wish to study in Canada, they must be accepted by an accredited institution recognized by the Canadian government. Students are then expected to obtain a study permit and Quebec Acceptance Certificate (CAQ) before they can proceed with the rest of the application process.
On annual basis, there’s usually a target number of individuals that are offered permanent residency in Quebec, so prospective candidates are advised to apply early when an intake period is announced as the demand for a Canadian visa is high. Documents that will be required during the immigration process include a birth certificate, a valid international passport (showing issue date and expiry date), marriage certificate or judgment of divorce (if applicable), proof of enrolment as a foreign student (if applicable), medical certificate and several other personal documents to declare authenticity.
The application form asks a variety of questions regarding the applicant’s identity and each must be answered as comprehensively as possible. After the assessment, only the most eligible candidates are offered residency in the province.
Stiverne Law firm is specialized in immigration law and can help you with qualified advice during the immigration process.